THE JACOBITE DATABASE OF 1745
JDB1745 is an online relational database specifically designed for the purpose of scholarly research and analysis of a large number of biographic entries. Drawing from a wide variety of sources, its goal is to eventually house every name that can be associated with Jacobitism in the years 1740-1759. Because much of the detailed biographical data of accused or suspected Jacobites are scarce or as of yet undiscovered, approaching this project using prosopographic analysis will help answer many questions about Jacobite constituency during the final rising against the Hanoverian government of George II. The usefulness of this interpretation is that it allows researchers to establish significant characteristics about a large number of subjects through a broad but detailed examination of facts: the entire collection of what facts are known about them and the way those facts interrelate.

No scholar has ever compiled these listings into one consolidated forum; eliminating duplicate names, comparing them against each other to see how the web of relationships was formed, and categorising them by a myriad of different qualifiers to be later examined by a concise and structured thesis. In effect, this database hopes to offer its users an accurate biographical, social, and cultural atlas of the Forty-five.

This rich codification of Jacobite constituency will present everything we currently know about the participants of the Forty-five - with infinite expandability to include future knowledge - and will also provide an invaluable tool for researchers in the fields of history, genealogy, and beyond.

This database is the work of Darren S. Layne, a doctoral candidate at the University of St. Andrews.
For upcoming lectures and presentations, please see News & Events.

jdb1745 on Twitter



Recently Added Sources


Stacks Image 1739
Alexander Mackintosh
The Muster Roll of the Forfarshire or Lord Ogilvy’s Regiment: Raised on Behalf of the Royal House of Stuart in 1745-6: with Biographical Sketches (Inverness: Printed for the compiler by the Northern Counties Newspaper and Print. and Pub. Co., 1914)
Stacks Image 1548
Bruce Gordon Seton & Jean G. Arnot
The Prisoners of the ’45, [3 Vols.](Edinburgh: Printed by T. and A. Constable ltd. for the Scottish History Society, 1928)
Stacks Image 1803
David Moncrieffe
A List of Noblemen, Gentlemen, and Others, Who Have Been Attainted, and Adjudged to Be Guilty of High Treason, for Levying War Against His Majesty Within This Realm, Since the 24th Day of June 1745, Viz. ([Edinburgh]: [publisher not identified], 1747)

click for complete source list

Working List of Implemented Sources

Stacks Image 1530
Alexander Mackintosh
The Muster Roll of the Forfarshire or Lord Ogilvy’s Regiment: Raised on Behalf of the Royal House of Stuart in 1745-6: with Biographical Sketches (Inverness: Printed for the compiler by the Northern Counties Newspaper and Print. and Pub. Co., 1914)
Stacks Image 1890
Bruce Gordon Seton & Jean Gordon Arnot
The Prisoners of the ’45, 3 Vols., (Edinburgh: Printed by T. and A. Constable ltd. for the Scottish History Society, 1928)
Stacks Image 1557
David Moncrieffe, Deputy Queen's Remembrancer
A List of Noblemen, Gentlemen, and Others, Who Have Been Attainted, and Adjudged to Be Guilty of High Treason, for Levying War Against His Majesty Within This Realm, Since the 24th Day of June 1745, Viz. (Edinburgh: s.n, 1747)
Stacks Image 1506
Archibald Philip Primrose, Lord Rosebery, ed.
A List of Persons Concerned in the Rebellion, Transmitted to the Commissioners of Excise by the Several Supervisors in Scotland in Obedience to a General Letter of the 7th May, 1746, and a Supplementary List with Evidences to Prove the Same, Publications of the Scottish History Society (Edinburgh: Printed at the University Press by T. and A. Constable for the president of the Scottish History Society, 1890)
Stacks Image 1913
NLS MS 2960 f. 121-122
An Authentic Account of the Battle Fought Between the Army of His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland and the Rebels, on Drummossie-Muir Near Culloden, on the 16th of April 1746 (Edinburgh: s.n., April 23, 1746)
Stacks Image 1936
Charles Sanford Terry, ed.
The Albemarle Papers: Being the Correspondence of William Anne, Second Earl of Albemarle, Commander-in-chief in Scotland, 1746-1747, with an Appendix of Letters from Andrew Fletcher, Lord Justice-clerk, to the Duke of Newcastle, 1746-1748 (Aberdeen: Printed for the New Spalding Club, 1902)
Stacks Image 1824
NRS GD220/6/1660-1662
Three bundles from the Montrose Muniments, including notes by Graeme of Orchill about various tenants and their involvement in the Rebellion; lists of the families of MacGregors on the Montrose estates; and a list of those in Glen who were not in the Rebellion, but had their houses burnt and their Cattle taken away, etc.
Stacks Image 1852
TNA TS 20/52
Documents from the Treasury Board Papers, including lists of prisoners in French Service taken at sea; accounts of state prisoners in Marshalsea Prison endorsed by John Darby, keeper of the gaol.
Stacks Image 1867
TNA TS 11/760/2363
Documents from the Treasury Board Papers, consisting of states of evidence against rebels in Newgate and New Prison (Southwark).
Stacks Image 1882
ACA Parcel L/H/1-3
Lists of prisoners incarcerated in the Aberdeen Tolbooth for treasonable practices, 1746; part of the Jacobite Papers held in Aberdeen City Archives.
Stacks Image 1899
ACA Parcel L/I
Confessions and petitions of, and statements of evidence against, prisoners and suspected rebels, 1746; part of the Jacobite Papers held in Aberdeen City Archives.
Stacks Image 1924
NLS Blk 166
Documents from the Blaikie Collection at the National Library of Scotland. Of specific interest is a List of Gentlemen who were Barbarously Execute in England, &c.
Stacks Image 1932
TNA TS 11/1080
Documents from the Treasury Board Papers, including lists of names and qualities of prisoners confined in Lancaster Castle; York prisoners with their degree of guilt; and a second list of prisoners tried or who have pleaded guilty in Carlisle.
Stacks Image 1949
NLS MS 3730
Numerous documents from the Albemarle Papers at the National Library of Scotland, including a list of the rebel prisoners in the town of Stirling, August 1746; a list of prisoners in confinement in Inverness, August 1746; and examinations of rebel prisoners at Brechin, May 1746, all inhabitants of Glenesk.

Source Icon Key

Stacks Image 1478

Published Book

Stacks Image 1512

Manuscript

Stacks Image 1498

Newspaper/Broadsheet

Stacks Image 1537

Magazine/Serial

Recent Updates & Project Notes


Stacks Image 3785
27 April, 2014
Over 8000 entries from eleven distinct sources have been imported into the database structure. All data has been normalised and is up-to-date.
Stacks Image 3245
13 April, 2014
The entire data set from the three volumes of The Prisoners of the '45 has been entered into the database schema.
Stacks Image 3268
15 February, 2014
Sample queries are generated to iron out the searching capabilities of the database code.
Stacks Image 3291
6 February, 2014
Papers from the Montrose Muniments at NRS have been catalogued and the transcriptions added to the database.

click for complete update history

Update History of Project Notes

Stacks Image 3387
16 April, 2012
JDB1745.com is launched at the 2012 ISHR Reading Weekend, consisting of a splash page and basic project overview.
Stacks Image 3410
22 November, 2012
All of the names in Rosebery's A List of Persons Concerned in the Rebellion have been entered into the pre-database schema and are now being compared with Rosebery's Evidences, also within A List of Persons.
Stacks Image 3433
6 December, 2012
Progress was shown at the ISHR second-year seminar, with a focus on lessons learned from the first year of entry and taxonomic organization.
Stacks Image 3456
17 December, 2012
The schema for all of Rosebery's A List of Persons Concerned in the Rebellion has been collated and biographical notes are currently being added to known personalities.
Stacks Image 3479
17 December, 2012
The 3-volume The Prisoners of the '45 is the next reference source to be entered and cross-referenced with the first c.3000 names.
Stacks Image 3502
31 January, 2013
Darren introduces the project and presents findings-to-date publicly for the very first time at University of Edinburgh's Scottish History Seminar. Title: '”Virtuous Rabble” & Virtual Rebels - Digital Humanities and the Jacobite Database of 1745’.
Stacks Image 3525
16 June, 2013
Jacobite soldiers from The Muster Roll of Forfarshire or Lord Ogilvy's Regiment have been entered into the database, including biographical notes.
Stacks Image 3548
23 August, 2013
Lists of Jacobite prisoners, witness depositions, and trial records from the Treasury Papers (TNA) are being gathered and collated for entry into the database.
Stacks Image 3585
7 July, 2013
The project is formally introduced to the core of Jacobite scholarship in Paris at the Jacobite Studies Trust conference: Les Jacobites et L'Europe 1689-1807.
Stacks Image 3608
17 July, 2013
17 July, 2013 • The first working database model is almost coded and ready for trial. The ERD has been completely reworked and simplified with lots of room for expansion.
Stacks Image 3631
20 August, 2013
Darren presented a paper at IHR entitled Something Rotten in Auld Reekie: Suspicion, Allegation, and Mania in Post-Jacobite Edinburgh 1746-7. Read the abstract here.
Stacks Image 3654
5 October, 2013
Jointly with Dr Kieran German, Darren spoke at NTS Culloden Visitors Centre: 'Honor's war we strongly waged' - Exploring Jacobite Army Doctrine in the Risings of 1715 and 1745.
Stacks Image 3734
5 February, 2014
Papers from the Montrose Muniments at NRS are being catalogued and the transcriptions added to the database.
Stacks Image 3739
6 February, 2014
Sample queries are generated to iron out the searching capabilities of the database code.
Stacks Image 3723
13 April, 2014
The entire data set from the three volumes of The Prisoners of the '45 has been entered into the database schema.
Stacks Image 3759
27 April, 2014
Over 8000 entries from eleven distinct sources have been imported into the database structure. All data has been normalised and the summer will be spent adding in the final sources for this phase of the project.
Stacks Image 3057

Edinburgh Castle from Calton Hill

Stacks Image 5634

The True Contrast: Hero vs. Bravo

Stacks Image 5652

'Ruin'd & Defeated'